“Uncle Harvey’s Mausoleum—aka “The Cribs”

Ruins a reminder of Duluth’s original waterfront

This story originally posted in August 2012.
“The Cribs” or “Uncle Harvey’s Mausoleum.” (Image: X-Comm.)

One of Duluth’s more unique—and admittedly odd—tourist attractions is a a derelict concrete structure about thirty yards into Lake Superior behind some of Canal Park’s hotels. “Uncle Harvey’s Mausoleum”—aka “The Cribs”—attracts adventurous young people who dive off its walls, much to the delight of tourists strolling the Lakewalk. Beyond its modern popularity, the ruin stands as a reminder that the very corner of Lake Superior wasn’t always the tourist-welcoming center of Duluth it is today, but was once a working harbor—and certainly not the part of town you’d spend time skipping stones during a family vacation.

Development of the corner of the lake began in 1856, when Sidney Luce built the first warehouse at what was then the southeast corner of Portland Township, where East Third Street meets Lake Superior. Luce’s warehouse stood three-stories tall, with half its foundation carved into rock on one side and the other perched atop cribbing submerged in the lake on the other. The Luce family lived on the top floor. Until the late 1860s, it was one of  only a few buildings in what would become Duluth.

Elevator A, with freighter tied up along the breakwater, 1871. (Image: Minnesota Historical Society.)

The Financial Panic of 1857 restricted development until 1869, when Jay Cooke financed Duluth’s first grain elevator next to Luce’s warehouse. Cooke’s Union Improvement and Elevator Company purchased wood from Roger Munger’s sawmill on Lake Avenue to build Elevator A, a grain terminal that could hold 350,000 bushels of grain and came equipped with a steam-powered conveyance system. Cooke’s Lake Superior & Mississippi Railroad then brought rail to the elevator by building large docks and constructing Duluth’s first railroad freight depot at 300 East Michigan Street, next to the grain elevator.

The railroad also added docks along a timber-and-stone breakwater that protected vessels from Lake Superior’s often turbulent waters. On May 30, 1871, the steamer St. Paul took Elevator A’s first load, 11,500 bushels of wheat, and became the first boat to carry a cargo of grain out of Duluth and down the lakes.

By June 1871 the outer breakwater had been extended to 950 feet and stood six feet above the waterline. A “great storm” on November 16, 1872, caused severe damage to the structure, leaving Elevator A, warehouses, and docks vulnerable. Workers had made repairs and added heavy stones to the breakwater’s exterior in an effort to fortify the structure.

After that, Duluth spent no more time or money attempting to keep it in place. The canal was in full operation, and with access to the safety of the bay, the breakwater became more a burden than an asset. Only one other grain elevator, 1878’s Elevator Q, was built on the lake itself.

By the summer of 1873, traffic on the canal was in full swing and nearly all shipping commerce in Duluth had moved to the bay inside of Minnesota Point, rendering repair to the breakwater much less important.

Early grain elevators were made of wood, and grain dust is highly combustible; elevators often went up in flames. Elevators A and Q burned on November 27, 1886, taking with them about 500,000 bushels of grain and the lives of elevator foreman Edward Lee and fireman Charles Moore. The loss was so substantial it actually led to a rise in value of the Chicago grain market. The fire also consumed a saloon, a carriage factory, houses, and warehouses on the 400 block of East Superior Street.

The following year wheat from both burned elevators remained on the site, rotting away—and creating an awful smell. It was loaded onto barges dumped in Lake Superior. In January 1892, founders of the Duluth Curling Club used Elevator A’s foundation to build the club’s first rink, which was destroyed in a blizzard in March of the same year.

The Lake Superior & Mississippi’s outer harbor freight depot, with Elevator A and breakwater visible behind the depot. (Image: Duluth Public Library.)

With no grain elevator to serve, in 1890 the railroad leased its freight depot to Duluth Iron and Metal, a scrap iron business; the company continued to use the old depot until a fire on August 16, 1963, destroyed it. The lake eventually claimed what remained of the breakwater.

While Jay Cooke was investing in Duluth,  Zenith City citizens stepped up as well. Duluth’s first mayor, J. B. Culver, financed the construction of Citizen’s Dock which reached into the lake from Morse Street, about two blocks south of the canal. Like the outer breakwater and docks along Elevator A, Citizen’s Dock was subjected to poundings by Lake Superior and was not a safe place for a vessel to tie up. Again, the digging of the canal rendered it unnecessary, and by 1880 it had been abandoned. The dock was reportedly destroyed in 1886, but was shown on insurance maps as late as 1902.

Ruins a reminder of Duluth’s original waterfront

11 Responses to “Uncle Harvey’s Mausoleum—aka “The Cribs”

  1. If you take the Lakewalk around to where the old Outer Harbor was, you can see the submerged pilings and footings from the piers when the water is clear and on a sunny day. I know, I’ve seen them, pretty cool!

  2. I remember reading this article once before, and I am happy to read it again, because it was obvious to me that I missed key details the first time around.
    I am getting better at putting myself into the vivid descriptions and seeing our city as it once was.
    Your articles allow your readers to become time travelers. I know that I sure do enjoy a little journey to a muddier Duluth with wooden sidewalks.
    Thanks!

  3. Thank you! This was fascinating. Nicely written, and the old pictures bring everything to life. Very enjoyable! :O)

  4. My gr-grandfather moved to Duluth in about 1890. He was a coppersmith and according to his obituary he was “the first coppersmith in the Duluth Harbor and was well known among the mariners” His name was John Benson and he worked for a time for Alexander McDougall’s shipyards as did two of his sons, one of which was my grandfather Gustave Benson. Does anyone know where I can find any info on the veracity of this story as there is no info from surviving family members I can find. John died in Mpls in 1933. My grandfather and his family lived in West Duluth until 1945 and then moved to Riverside (site of Barnes-Duluth Shipyards, McGougall’s company). My grandfather worked as a riveter for this shipyard durinh WW1 and told me about a house in Riverside that at the time was the hospital. All the materials for this hospital were stolen fom the shipyard and it was almost completed before anyone found out. Any one withinfo please contact me at tp5756@gmail.com. Thanks, Tim Howe

  5. Great story of the water front and fog horn. When I attended UMD in the early 1980’s, my professor John Ringsred, used the fog horn as a learn point. He was asked by the historical society at the time to reconstruct the switching device used to fire the horn. His design,applying operation amplifiers,was cutting edge at the time. The design used a simple clocking chip and NAND gates to turn off and on the horn. Johns’ teachings and that horn were fundamental in developing my love for electronic control systems. Does the horn still exist somewhere?

  6. Thank you for this article! My Gramma would tell me about different things on Canal Park but it is sp nice to get another perspective and pictures to go along with it! I love learning about the history of Duluth.

  7. This is one of the most interesting articles I have reaad. I love duluth and anything historical. Please keep articles like this coming.i have alot of duluth history books and am always looking for more.

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