[From Intensive Survey of Historic Resources in Duluth’s East End (Part 1), prepared by Jill Larson of Larson & Associates for the Duluth Heritage Preservation Commission, August 2007. The entire document is on file at the Duluth Public Library.]
Duluth businessman and philanthropist Albert L. Ordean. A number of sources, including his 1928 obituary, document his outstanding contributions to the Duluth community:
Albert L. Ordean, president of the First National bank and the Stone-Ordean-Wells company and one of the conspicuous figures in the financial field of the Northwest, died at 11 o’clock this morning at the family home, 2307 East Superior street, after an illness that confined him to his bed since last April. The funeral will probably take place Monday afternoon. A pioneer in Duluth, founder of the Merchant’s National bank, shortly after he came to this city in 1882, head of the present First National bank since its reorganization in 1895, organizer of the original Stone-Wells Mercantile company, now one of the leading wholesale grocery firms in the West, Mr. Ordean’s passing takes from Duluth what is regarded by many as her leading financier. Prominent citizens and public officials all paid tribute to his long life of service and devotion to this city. Only a few years ago it was reported that he declined the honor of becoming the head of one of the leading banks in New York city, largely because of his confidence in Duluth and deep affection for the city and his associates of almost half a century. J. J. Hill’s Regard. It was James J. Hill, empire builder of the West, who held Mr. Ordean in the highest regard and whom he once declared to be ‘one of the greatest bankers in the Northwest.” There was always a deep friendship between the two and it was quite natural that Mr. Ordean became a director of the Great Northern railroad, which position he held at the time of his death. His position and long acquaintance with Mr. Hill gave him an intimate knowledge of the railroad and its extensive properties that proved invaluable to the executives.
He had also been closely associated with Louis W. Hill, chairman of the board, for many years. Mr. Ordean was born Aug. 22, 1856, at New Brighton, PA., his parents moving to Ohio, when he was a boy, and where he began employment in a bank, which was to become his life work. After working up to a responsible position, he went West, engaging in the banking business at Leadville and Kokomo, Colo. In 1882 he came to Duluth. He is survived by Mrs. Ordean, who was at his bedside when the end came this morning. There are no other immediate relatives. Takes Long Chances. A story is told that in 1879 Mr. Ordean carried $50,000 in currency on his person from Denver to Leadville, none of the express companies being willing to take the risk of transporting currency, because of the continual stagecoach holdups in that region. The banks in which Mr. Ordean was interested needed cash immediately and he made the trip, traveling by stage by day and sleeping at night with half a dozen strangers in various stopping places, most of them in one large room. There were no hotels in that country in the ‘70s and to lie down with men he had never seen in a large room, any one of whom would stop at nothing for part of a $50,000 loot, took unusual courage. Duluthians who knew Mr. Ordean for the last forty-six years, never suspected that this quiet man rode and lived on the hard mountain trails and went through the experience of the pioneers of that great region. Chooses Duluth. In 1882 he sold his banking interests in Colorado and decided to move to a field that offered a more definite future. He decided upon the Head of the Lakes, coming to Duluth that year and beginning an active business life in this city that made him one of the most distinguished citizens of Duluth an outstanding financial leader in the Northwest. His name is most familiar in the Northwest because of his participation on the directorate of the Great Northern and First National bank of St. Paul and as head of the Stone-Ordean-Wells company, now considered one of the largest wholesale grocery houses in this region, with branches in Minneapolis, three in North Dakota ad four in Montana. He was also interested in lumber operations in Idaho, Washington and Oregon. Consolidates Banks. A few years after he became president of the Merchants’ National bank, Mr. Ordean effected a consolidation with the Union National bank, under the name of First National bank, serving as head of the reorganized institution up to his death. In October, 1907, Mr. Ordean became a great financial figure through his operations with Mr. Hill in the panic period that followed the failing of the Knickerbocker Trust company and other New York banks. A fund of $4,000.000 was placed in his hands to help untangle the grain and railroad business and through his efforts conditions in the Northwest were made normal in a short time. Mr. Ordean’s home is one of the most beautiful in the city, overlooking Lake Superior at Twenty-third avenue east. He also maintained a winter home at Pasadena. Mr. Ordean was a member of the Chamber of Commerce, Kitchi Gammi club, Northland Country club, Winneboujou club at Brule and the Minnesota club at St. Paul. He took an active interest in the Children’s home from its founding, serving on the advisory committee for many years and was one of its most generous contributors. He was also on the advisory committee of the Community. During the World war Mr. Ordean took a leading part in the Liberty loan and other drives conducted by the government to finance the conflict.
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Duluth Friday lost one of its most respected and outstanding pioneer citizens in the death of Albert L. Ordean…A. L. Ordean was a quiet and unassuming citizen. He never sought publicity, but he could always be depended on to support any worthy public enterprise. He gave to the city a large tract of land, known as Ordean park, at Fortieth av E. between Superior st. and the lake, as a recreation and playground field. It is impossible for a citizen who has been so intimately associated with the affairs of the city, to drop out without leaving a place that will be difficult to fill. Mr. Ordean will be sincerely missed by his business associates and other friends, and by the various organizations, both business and civic, with which he was for so long connected. The sympathy of the community is extended to Mrs. Ordean, who is left to mourn the loss of a devoted husband.
The discretionary power of the trustees under the will of the late Albert A. Ordean to fix the amount for development of the Ordean athletic field was upheld by the state supreme court in an opinion handed down in St. Paul, according to a dispatch to the Herald today. The city of Duluth had appealed from action of the trustees to the district court which granted a reopening of the hearing on the final accounting of the estate. The trustees had set aside $15,000 for the project. The city of Duluth held this amount insufficient and started action to have it increased to at least $100,000. The high court held that the will as a written instrument is not subject to construction when the language is free from doubt. The exercise of discretion conferred upon the trustees in exercising power is not subject to control by the courts except to prevent abuse thereof, the supreme court opinion said. Judge Julius J. Olson, who wrote the opinion, held there was no abuse of the trustees’ power and therefore their actions are final.
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Albert L. Ordean 1856 – 1928. As a businessman and founder of the Ordean Foundation, Albert Ordean had a considerable impact on the Duluth community; he will always be remembered for his generosity. After selling his banking interests in Leadville and Kokomo, Colorado, Albert Ordean came to Duluth looking for a place to start a new career. As a leader in commerce and trade, and as a friend of President William McKinley and James J. Hill, he was offered positions of national prestige in commerce and government. He chose, however, to stay in Duluth, where he founded Merchants National Bank (now Norwest Bank, Duluth) and the Stone-Ordean-Wells Company, which was one of the largest wholesale grocery businesses in the region. In his will of 1926, Ordean directed the founding of “a corporation for the purpose of administering and furnishing relief and charity for the worthy poor…without discrimination as to age, sex color or religious inclination”—pioneering an equal opportunity policy echoed in national law four decades later. Ordean’s will also remembered disabled and orphaned children, troubled youth, disadvantaged women, the elderly and the infirm. It forever changed the lives of the people who would benefit from its gifts. In 1933, after the death of Louise Harter Ordean, Albert Ordean’s will of charity and service was activated.
President McKinley considered Ordean a personal friend and the Duluth banker was under consideration for the Cabinet post of Secretary of the Treasury. To some, Albert Ordean was thought to be somewhat aloof, but those who knew him realized he was a quiet, unassuming man who was acutely aware of humanitarian needs. After his death in 1928, his estate was valued at five and a third million dollars. Virtually all of it remained in Duluth for the public good, plus more than a quarter of a million dollars from his wife’s estate. The new Ordean Building is now headquarters for the Albert and Louise Ordean Foundation and other charitable organizations. Scholarships, Duluth hospitals, the YMCA and YWCA, and untold thousands of families have been helped in the 47 years since his death. Albert and Louise Ordean left no survivors in this city, but every day their gifts keep on giving and the greatness of this man keeps on growing in the eyes of Duluth’s grateful citizens.
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Another of the most influential of the early residents was Albert LeGrand Ordean, who resided at 2307 East Superior Street, and who at the time of his death in 1928 was considered “one of the most distinguished citizens of Duluth and an outstanding financial leader in the Northwest.” Not having offspring, Ordean, together with his wife, Louise, financially contributed to the Duluth community not only during his lifetime, but for the past 64 years via the establishment of the Ordean Foundation by his will. This bequest “a corporation for the purpose of administering and furnishing relief and charity for the worthy poor…without discrimination as to age, sex color or religious inclination.”
Ordean was born in the coal country of western Pennsylvania and raised in Ohio, where he gained banking experience. As a young man he headed west to make his fortune, landing in the up-and-coming mining town of Leadville, Colorado. In 1882, at age 26, he moved to Duluth where he quickly capitalized on his banking skills by establishing the Merchant’s National Bank (now Wells Fargo Bank), and later became the head of the First National Bank. He was involved in “one of Duluth’s earliest wholesale grocery and mercantile firms,” the Stone-Wells Mercantile company (later Stone-Ordean-Wells Co. reflecting his involvement in the enterprise, the trade area for which stretched from Michigan to Idaho). Ordean was counted as long-time friends with the likes of railroad magnate J.J. Hill of St. Paul and President William McKinley. In addition to his banking interests, Ordean served on the Great Northern Railroad’s Board of Directors. His regional, if not national, importance is underscored by the role he played in the economic panic of October 1907 caused by the failing of the Knickerbocker Trust company and other New York banks. “A fund of $4,000,000 was placed in his hands to help untangle the grain and railroad business and through his efforts conditions in the Northwest were made normal in a short time.” Telling of their wherewithal, the Ordeans also maintained a winter home in Pasadena, California.
The First National Bank Building was located at 229-233 West Superior Street.
One of the stories of Ordean’s early days provides a glimpse of what the pioneer days were like for these men:
A story is told that in 1879 Mr. Ordean carried $50,000 in currency on his person from Denver to Leadville, none of the express companies being willing to take the risk of transporting currency, because of the continual stagecoach holdups in that region. The banks in which Mr. Ordean was interested needed cash immediately and he made the trip, traveling by stage by day and sleeping at night with half a dozen strangers in various stopping places, most of them in one large room. There were no hotels in that country in the ’70s and to lie down with men he had never seen in a large room, any one of whom would stop at nothing for part of a $50,000 loot, took unusual courage.